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How To Treat Melasma

Otherwise known as mask of pregnancy or chloasma, melasma commonly occurs as irregular patches of tan, dark skin, mostly among women taking oral or patch contraceptives as well as pregnant women. This skin condition can also become visible among females who have been taking HRT or hormone replacement therapy medications. Evidence has also been found in research proving that both male and female individuals of German, Jewish, in addition to Russian descent are also prone to melasma which appears like facial pigmentation or discoloration.

Melasma usually show ups on parts of the body such as the forehead, lips, nose, upper cheeks or upper lip and can increase in area with the passage of time. To explain the condition medically, the skin discoloration caused by melasma is due to female sex hormones stimulating the body’s pigment-producing cells (melanocytes), causing the melanocytes to generate too much melanin once the skin is over-exposed to sunlight.

Treatment for this skin condition is popular among those individuals who have it since it mars one’s appearance with dark patches of unattractive skin. Luckily for pregnant and contraceptive-taking women, melasma commonly goes away of its own accord, once the mother gives birth or the woman stops her intake of contraceptives. The same can also go for numerous women undergoing HRT.

Melasma treatment methods are varied and chiefly serve to make it possible for the patches of discolored skin to fade away faster or lessen in prominence. Application of hydroquinone (HQ) as a topical depigmenting agent to reduce the making of tyrosinase within the body is one way of melasma treatment. This treatment works since tyrosinase is a necessary enzyme in the making of melanin. The use of tretinoin, another technique, treats melasma through increasing the amount of skin cells being made in the body. Unfortunately, pregnant women can not make use of this treatment way due to the possibility that it may harm their pregnancy. Azelaic acid, when used, is another alternative technique and works by hindering the activity of the melanocytes; chemical peels with glycolic acid and facial peels with alpha hydroxyacids can also serve as a means to erase melasma. For others, the Fraxel laser treatment is a more comfortable method for melasma removal.

For each individual, the nature of the way to be used to treat their melasma is different, since one method can vary in effectiveness from person to person. But no matter what kind of technique of treatment one selects, the individual must avoid sun exposure after undergoing the treatment. Treatment will slowly show results, so it is vital that one should avoid the sunlight for the time being. The use of sunscreen is highly suggested if you want the treatment to fully succeed.

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This post was written by admin on June 9, 2010

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